Health conditions for travellers to Saudi arabia for the pil
This publication in the Weekly Epidemiological Record is to inform visitors of the full requirements for entry into Saudi Ara- bia; it does not imply an endorsement by WHO of all measures stipulated.
The Ministry of Health of Saudi Arabia has issued the following requirements and recommendations for entry visas for the Hajj and Umra seasons in 2014.
(Bagian 1) (Bagian 2)
I. Yellow fever (A)
In accordance with the International Health Regulations 2005,1 all travellers ar- riving from countries or areas at risk of yellow fever (see list below) must present a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate showing that the person was vaccinated at least 10 days previously and not more than 10 years before arrival at the border.
In the absence of such a certificate, the individual will be placed under strict sur- veillance for 6 days from the date of vac- cination or the last date of potential expo- sure to infection, whichever is earlier. Health offices at entry points will be responsible for notifying the appropriate Director General of Health Affairs in the region or governorate about the tempo- rary place of residence of the visitor. The following countries/areas are at risk of yellow fever transmission (as defined by the International travel and health 20122).
Africa. Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Soudan, Sudan, Togo and Uganda.
Americas. Argentina, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Plurinational State of Bolivia, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago. (B) Aircrafts, ships and other means of transportation coming from countries affected by yellow fever are requested to submit a certificate indicating that it applied disinsection in accordance with methods recommended by WHO. In accordance with the International Health Regulations 2005, all arriving ships will be requested to provide to the competent authority a valid Ship Sanitation Certifi- cate. Ships arriving from areas at risk for yellow fever transmission may also be required to submit to inspec- tion to ensure they are free of yellow fever vectors, or disinsected, as a condition of granting free pratique (including permission to enter a port, to embark or dis- embark and to discharge or load cargo or stores).
II. Meningococcal meningitis
(A) Visitors from all countries Visitors arriving for the purpose of Umra or pilgrimage (Hajj) or for seasonal work are required to submit a certificate of vaccination with the quadrivalent (ACYW135) vaccine against meningitis issued no more than 3 years and no less than 10 days before arrival in Saudi Arabia. The responsible authorities in the visitor’s country of origin should ensure that adults and children aged over 2 years are given 1 dose of the quadrivalent polysaccharide (ACYW135) vaccine.
(B) For visitors arriving from countries in the African meningitis belt, namely Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan and South Sudan. In addition to the above stated requirements, cipro- floxacin chemoprophylaxis will be administered at port of entry to lower the rate of carriers among adults and children over 12 years (one 500 mg tablet).
(C) Interior pilgrims and the Hajj workers
Vaccination with quadrivalent (ACYW135) vaccine is required for:
– all citizens and residents of Medina and Mecca who have not been vaccinated during the past 3 years;
– all citizens and residents undertaking the Hajj;
– all Hajj workers who have not been vaccinated in the past 3 years;
– any individual working at entry points or in direct contact with pilgrims in Saudi Arabia.
Regardless of age and vaccination status, proof of re- ceipt of a dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV) or inacti- vated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), within the previous 12 months and at least 4 weeks prior to departure, is required to apply for an entry visa for Saudi Arabia for travellers arriving from (as of 16 May 2014): (A) Polio-endemic countries which have never inter- rupted indigenous virus transmission: Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan (as of 16 May 2014). (B) Polio-reinfected countries which have had transmis- sion of an imported wild poliovirus or a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus within the past 12 months (see http://www.polioeradication.org/Infectedcountries/ PolioEmergency.aspx). All travellers from these countries will also receive 1 dose of OPV at border points on arrival in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia also encourages vaccination of travelers from polio-free countries which remain at particular risk of importations (e.g. India, Indonesia).
IV. Seasonal influenza
The Ministry of Health of Saudi Arabia recommends that international pilgrims be vaccinated against seasonal influenza with the most recently available vac- cines, i.e. those for the southern hemisphere 2014 influ- enza season, before arrival into the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, particularly those at increased risk of severe influenza diseases including pregnant women, children aged over 5 years, the elderly, and individuals with pre- existing health conditions such as asthma, chronic heart or lung diseases and HIV/AIDS infection.
In Saudi Arabia, seasonal influenza vaccination is re- commended for internal pilgrims, particularly those with pre-existing health conditions described above, as well as for all health-care workers in the Hajj premises.
Nb: Sumber dari Weekly Epidemiological Report, 2014 No.89_32/33. Artikel lengkap, unduh di SINI.